Defining Drug Addiction
Drug dependence is a chronic disease sickness portrayed by neurotic or irrepressible drug craving plus use in spite of destructive results and alterations in the brain, which can be long term. Some people whose brain functions have been altered by drugs display some anti-social mannerisms. Drug dependency is a degenerative illness. Relapse means going back after some time, to using the substance one had stopped using.
Addiction starts when the decision to take drugs is first made. However, the mental strength to decide whether to use drugs or not is eroded with time. Looking for and taking the drugs gets to be distinctly compulsive. The major cause of this it how long term drug exposure alters brain activity. The parts of the brain that control reward and motivation, learning and memory, and self control are all significantly affected by addiction.
Dependency is an illness that affects behaviour and the brain.
Is Drug Addiction Treatable?
It can, however it is hard. Drug dependency is a long-time illness from which it is not possible to quit at will and remain clean. To come back to their old lives and overcome drug addiction totally, many addicts will require repeated or prolonged care periods.
Rehabilitation from drug use should result in the patient:
- desist from drug use
- remain drug-free
- be a productive member at work, in society and in the family
Values Of Successful Rehabilitation
According to scientific research conducted since the mid-1970s, the essential principles listed below should be the foundation of all successful treatment programmes:
- Though a complex brain altering illness, drug dependency can be successfully treated.
- There is no particular treatment that is fitting for all.
- Treatment needs to be readily available.
- Treatment deals with more than just drug use, addressing all of the patient's needs.
- It's important to remain in treatment long enough.
- The prevalently applied types of treatment include counselling and some other therapies that centre on behaviours.
- Behavioural therapies are often combined with medications, which are another important aspect of therapy.
- Treatment procedures must be measured frequently and altered to fit the patient's evolving needs.
- Treatment should deal with other potential mental disorders.
- The first step during treatment involves detoxification that is overseen by medical personnel.
- Treatment doesn't require being voluntary to be successful.
- Medical personnel must supervise any medications taken during the rehab period.
- The treatment programs must ensure that patients are tested for tuberculosis, hepatitis B and C, HIV/AIDS, and other infectious ailments, while they should also be informed about the best way to avoid contacting those.
How Is Drug Addiction Treated?
Different steps are involved in effective treatments:
- detoxification (the process through which drug is expelled from the body)
- Therapy or counselling
- medication for addictions to opioids, tobacco, or alcohol
- assessment and treatment for any co-occurring mental health concerns like anxiety and depression
- Avoiding relapse by providing long term follow up care
Great results can be realised with the customised medical care plan and support services.
Depending on the level of need, mental health services should be added to the medical aspect of any treatment. Follow-up care may comprise group or family-based recuperation supportive networks.
How Are Meds Utilised As A Part Of Drug Compulsion Treatment?
Meds can be utilized to oversee withdrawal manifestations, anticipate backslide and treat comorbid conditions.
- Withdrawal The withdrawal symptoms that are witnessed when detox is done could be alleviated with medications. Detoxing from the drug is not the only necessary treatment, merely the first step in the process. Patients who only go through detoxification and don't have any additional treatment typically relapse back into drug use. According to a study, 80% of detoxifications used medications (SAMHSA, 2014).
- Relapse Prevention Medications can help manage cravings and help patients re-establish normal brain activity. Alcohol addiction, tobacco (nicotine) and opioid (heroin, prescription pain relievers) have medications for their treatments. Researchers are creating different solutions to manage stimulant (cocaine, methamphetamine) and cannabis (marijuana) dependence Individuals who utilize more than one drug, which is extremely normal, require treatment for the majority of the substances they utilise.
What About Behavioural Therapies And Drug Addiction
Behavioural treatments aid patients:
- Change their conducts and practices linked with drug usage
- increase wholesome life skills
- carry on with other kinds of treatment, like medication
There are a lot of settings and approaches for patients who are seeking treatment.
In an outpatient treatment programme, the recovering addict attends therapy sessions on appointed times. Personal or group drug counselling or both of them are included in majority of the programs.
Different types of behavioural therapy are dished out by these programs, and they include:
- cognitive-behavioural therapy, which helps patients recognize, avoid, and cope with the situations in which they are most likely to use drugs
- Multidimensional family therapy in which not just the patient but also his/her family is involved able to sort out a lot of things and help the whole family cope with the changes and heal together
- motivational interviewing, which gets most of the addicts disposed to work on their behaviour and commence treatment
- Motivational incentives, which uses positive reinforcement to encourage continued abstinence
Treatment is once in awhile escalated at to begin with, where patients go to numerous outpatient sessions every week. After the intensive treatment is complete, patients move on to regular outpatient treatment to help maintain their recovery by continuing to meet weekly but for fewer hours.
For a patient with severe problems, including coexisting conditions, inpatient or residential treatment is very effective. The around the clock care available at residential rehabilitation centres includes safe boarding facilities and close monitoring of patients. Private treatment offices may utilize an assortment of remedial methodologies and they are for the most part gone for helping the patient carry on a drug free and crime free way of life after treatment.
Cases of residential treatment settings include:
- Rigidly structured programs where patients remain inpatient for 6 to 12 months are called therapeutic communities. The entire community, comprising treatment employees and patients in recovery, act as essential agents of change, affecting the patient's understanding, attitude, as well as conduct linked with substance use.
- Shorter-term residential treatment, where detoxification is done and the patient prepared for community based treatment through preliminary intensive counselling.
- Short term, supervised housing for patients called recovery housing is sometimes utilized after residential treatment. Recovery housing can assist a person to complete the changeover to an independent life-for example, assisting him/her learn how to tackle finances or look for a job, as well as linking them to the community's support services.
Problems Of Re-Admission
Drug misuse changes the capacity of the mind and numerous things can "trigger" drug longings inside the brain. It's basic for those in treatment, particularly those treated at an inpatient centre or jail, to figure out how to identify, ignore and adapt to triggers they are probably going to be presented to after treatment.