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Medications For Addiction Treatment

How Addiction Treatment Has Improved Due To Medication


There are many drugs which are used in addiction treatment programs to relieve withdrawal side effects and decrease the chances of relapse. Medicine can make it painless for recovering addicts to keep in sobriety. The withdrawal symptoms are often the reason for the addict to relapse, so medication is given to ease the pain of withdrawal. Prescribed medication can be given to the patient as part of both inpatient and outpatient programs. To give the patient the best chance of recovering, a doctor may adjust the dosage of the medication gradually during the treatment.


These medicines can ease withdrawal side effects and desires.


Drug Withdrawal And Detoxification

The user need to get free themselves from the drug in the early stage of recovery. This is known as the detoxification time. It depends on the drug that how last the detox will be, for some days or some weeks.

The detox period is made difficult by the withdrawal symptoms that result from denying the body the drug it has become accustomed to. The harshness of withdrawal effects changes depending on past drug use. For those addicts of long term, high dose drug or alcohol abuse the withdrawal symptoms will be more severe.


There is a myriad of those symptoms that recovering addicts experience. There symptoms include:

  • Apprehension
  • Gloominess
  • Feeling Nauseous
  • Fits
  • Body pains
  • Sweating

Different withdrawal symptoms are treated with different medications. In detox, physicians may prescribe drugs such as:

  • Benzodiazepines
  • For stress and irritability reduction.
  • One of the common side effect of withdrawal from drugs is Anxiety.
  • The recommended Benzos give a soothing feeling that helps withdrawal also from alcohol.
  • Benzos are addictive so physicians are careful about prescribing those.
  • Antidepressants
  • A brain that has been addicted to drugs is not able to produce the chemicals that give pleasant feelings on its own.
  • Depression in detox in a common symptom as the patient is longer getting the happy feeling from the drug they have taken for a long time.
  • Mood lifting medications like Zoloft and Prozac help in reducing these symptoms till the brain can function naturally again.
  • Clonidine
  • Clonidine is prescribed to treat alcohol and drug withdrawals and it decreases sweating, muscle spasm, anxiety and muscle pains.
  • Clonidine save you from seizures and shivering.

The withdrawal symptoms from Benzodiazepines such as Valium or Xanax can be extremely dangerous and can result in death; one should never try to detox abruptly on their own. Withdrawal from other Opiates aren't constantly deadly, however difficult situations can still appear. Detox should be carried out with medical help from professionals.

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Medicines For Alcohol Addiction

The period of withdrawal signs range from several weeks to months depending on the extended time of abusing alcohol regularly. This is called prolonged or post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).

Maintenance treatment can alleviate PAWS and can curb cravings or make the addict incapable to take alcohol. The medication is usually taken as a single pill once a day.


For liquor addiction these medicines are included:

  • Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
  • Naltrexone (Vivitrol) stops the brain from producing pleasure chemicals in reaction to alcohol intake.
  • Not only this, it also suppress the desire of drinking.
  • In some cases, Naltrexone is known to cause vomiting and migraines.
  • Naltrexone is given in the form of a injection.
  • Acamprosate (Campral)
  • The psychological and bodily stress emanating from alcohol abuse is relieved by taking Acamprosate (Campral).
  • Recovering alcoholics may begin taking Acamprosate once the detoxification is completed.
  • This medication reduces the urge to drink as it prevents negativity including depression and paranoia.
  • Disulfiram (Antabuse)
  • Among the drugs approved for treating alcoholism Disulfiram was the first one.
  • Disulfiram can result into some side effects of vomiting and sickness if anyone takes Disulfiram drinks.
  • To avoid this sickness, the person who is taking Disulfiram must not consume drink.

Get further information about medical care for alcohol addiction.


Medication For Treating Opiate Addiction

Drugs in the opiate group are Heroin, Morphine and narcotic painkillers like Oxycontin. Medication for Opiates and Heroin can ease the urges and craving and other withdrawal symptoms during detox. Recommended dosage is a tablet a day.

Withdrawal from Opiate use can go on for only a week for some people. Other drugs can have an extended withdrawal side effects. In some cases the withdrawals side effects can last for months or years. PAWS and cravings can be stopped by long-term medications. Ex-users can often find themselves taking medicines for up to a year, or longer is needed.

Medication for Heroin and painkillers are as follows:

  • Methadone
  • Methadone is a drug used for mild to serious addictions.
  • Methadone never get the addicts high and attaches to the similar receptors in the brain for working.
  • This drug suppressing the craving and withdrawal symptoms.
  • Methadone can become addictive so it is used with caution.
  • The medication is dispensed daily to prevent abuse.
  • Additional Facts about Methadone.
  • Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
  • Buprenorphine works in the same way as Methadone, however it is little monitored since the addiction potential is inferior.
  • Instead of having to go for the drug every day at the clinic, the recovering users can go home with the drug.
  • Naltrexone
  • The effect of Naltrexone on opiate addiction is the same as its effect on alcohol addiction.
  • It helps to reduce cravings.
  • Alcohol and Opiate turns on the similar receptors in the brain so it is for both.

Detoxing And Rehab

Some people pick detoxification on their own. Detoxing with no medical supervision, it is difficult as well as risky. You can become sober once again through medical detox in relaxed surroundings. For the ones who are addicted to alcohol or benzos, medical detoxification is a must.

It is wise to start the first step in addiction treatment with a medically supervised detox program.

A monitored detoxification may relieve health problems. The treating therapist monitors a rehab patient's vital signs like pulse, temperature, breathing rate and fluid levels in a medically supervised treatment. If the patient experiences discomfort, they can be eased with the help of the doctor. Medications can be adjusted to the needs of the patient and long-term plans can be made.

Patients with other health complications would be well advised to go on a medical detox. Problems such as high blood pressure can be worsened by detoxification. Any type of issue is solved by the doctor.

Treatment centres offering inpatient treatment often include detox in the program. Inpatient rehab acquire 30-90 days in some cases. The primary week is of carefully monitored detoxification. Behavioural therapy is one of the rehab treatment for making recuperation fruitful.

Find a rehab centre with proper medical detox for love ones call 0800 246 1509.